They are not your regular tunnels, but a very complex network of tunnels which served as hospitals, living quarters, communication and offer routes, along with storage areas to the weapons and food with the Viet Cong guerrillas. These folks were constructed without needing any sophisticated machines or tools however only crude tools and human resilience. The Viet Cong guerrillas began building them on their resistant against in france they inside the late 1940s. Its original purpose was for communication between villages without getting detected with the French army. In 1960, however, Vietnam's National Liberation Front began excavating and extending the tunnels. The tunnel system was very strategic adding to the victory of the North Vietnamese Army up against the Americans. Many of these secret tunnels were built underneath American bases. Its importance wasn't only tied to military purposes and also became the hub with the Vietnamese community life as the Americans burned and destroyed villages. Everything proceeded normally for the Vietnamese of these tunnels where lovers met, couples get wed, children went to school, and performances were held. All has not been normal, obviously. The Vietnamese were required to face the challenges of life in cramped quarters where ants, scorpions, vermin, and poisonous centipedes thrive. In addition ,, they have to ration everything because food, water, and also air were scarce. More often than not, they merely got out of the tunnels in the evening to scavenge any situation that could be useful for the community whether they were supplies or food. If the Americans bombed and infiltrate villages, they'd to remain in these claustrophobic quarters for gave the look of endless days. Those living conditions made sickness, especially malaria, rampant. In fact, it is the other major reason for death among the Vietnamese in that time. Adding to that, the majority of the tunnel inhabitants had serious cases of intestinal parasites. Even though the Cu Chi tunnels had been a haven to the Vietnamese, it has been a source of frustration to the Americans. They had tried various strategies to detection and infiltration which were all failing. The American troops conducted major operations burning villages, bulldozing jungles, and destroying rice paddies. They deployed planes which sprayed chemicals to defoliate the areas burning it afterwards. Through every one of these offensive attacks, the Vietnamese guerrillas, along with the remaining villages, remained safe and secured of their tunnels. Despite this, only 6,000 Vietnamese from the original 16,000 tunnel inhabitants were able to survive following your war. For more info about Cu Chi tunnels tours have a look at our internet page. Cu Chi tunnels tours